Engineers of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were the first in the Arab world to develop and assemble a satellite without resorting to foreign specialists.
The ready spacecraft, called KhalifaSat, was inspected by the Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE, the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
KhalifaSat is the third satellite developed by the employees of the Dubai Center. It will be launched into the near-earth orbit by the carrier rocket Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Rocket – H-IIA from the cosmodrome in Japan at the end of 2018.
The emirate satellite, which took more than four years to build, is equipped with an advanced global positioning system, an automatic control program. One of its tasks is to take photos from space and transmit visual information to the Earth in real time.
The first UAE satellite was created in 2009, and in 2014 a national space agency was created. The emirates are taking part in the state program, approved in 2015, of studying Mars. The project foresees the launch of the Hope ship in 2020 to study Mars, and it should reach the surface of it by the year 2021.
The area in which the conditions of life on Mars will be simulated will be in Dubai, called Mars Scientific City. The area of the “city” will be more than 170 thousand square meters. Its cost is 500 million dirhams (136 million dollars).
There are some photos of the project, where we can see several domes, located in the desert and human dwellings with green spaces inside them.
The project will include laboratories for the production of food, energy and water. Agricultural research will also be conducted with a view to food security in the future.
Last year, UAE authorities announced plans to build a city on Mars by 2117.